The Young Adult Alcohol Consequences Questionnaire (YAACQ; Read, J. P., Kahler, C.W., Strong, D.R., & Colder, C.R, 2006) was designed to assess the broad range of harmful drinking consequences that young adults may experience. These consequences range from low- (e.g., hangovers, embarrassment) to high-level events (e.g., physiological dependence symptoms) to provide a complete picture of an individual’s drinking outcomes.
The YAACQ is comprised of 48 items which are scored dichotomously. Thus, the YAACQ total score indicates how many unique types of consequences were experienced in a given time frame (e.g., past year, past 6 months, past month). These 48 items assess eight domains of consequences, all of which load on a single, higher-order consequences factor. These consequence subscales include:
- Social/Interpersonal (e.g., “I have become very rude, obnoxious or insulting after drinking”)
- Academic/Occupational (e.g., “I have neglected my obligations to family, work, or school because of my drinking”)
- Risky Behavior (e.g., “I have taken foolish risks when I have been drinking”)
- Impaired Control (e.g., “I often drank more than I originally had planned.”)
- Poor Self-Care (e.g., “I have been less physically active because of drinking”)
- Diminished Self-Perception (e.g., “I have felt badly about myself because of my drinking”)
- Blackout Drinking (e.g., “I have awakened the day after drinking and found that I could not remember a part of the evening before”)
- Physiological Dependence (e.g., “I have felt anxious, agitated, or restless after stopping or cutting down on drinking”)
*For a complete listing of items, see Read et al. (2006).
Because of the dichotomous response options, the YAACQ is quite quick to administer. Also, the YAACQ subscales offer information about specific domains of problem drinking. As such, this measure can be well-integrated into feedback-based interventions.
Read, J. P., Kahler, C. W., Strong, D. R., Colder, C. R. (2006). Development and Preliminary Validation of the Young Adult Alcohol Consequences Questionnaire. Journal of Studies on Alcohol, 67 (1), 169-177.
Read, J. P., Merrill, J. E., Kahler, C. W., & Strong, D. R. (2007). Predicting functional outcomes among college drinkers: Reliability and predictive validity of the Young Adult Alcohol Consequences Questionnaire. Addictive Behaviors, 32(11), 2597-2610.
If you have comments or questions about the Young Adult Alcohol Consequences Questionnaire, please feel free to contact Dr. Jennifer Read at firstname.lastname@example.org.
Photo Accreditation: By Sira Anamwong, published on 29 March 2013